Russell. N.s. Vol.
25, no. 2.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|Bertrand Russell||“How to Promote
ABSTRACT: The first series of Reith Lectures, delivered weekly on the BBC by Bertrand Russell in the winter of 1948–49, were a resounding success. They were soon published in book form as Authority and the Individual. However, Russell started late in the year to write them, and manuscripts for the lectures show that he encountered difficulty. Among the difficulties and surviving in his archives is a false start on the concluding lecture, “How to Promote Initiative” (filed at RA1 210.006779). Lecture V had been called “Control and Initiative: Their Respective Spheres”. Lecture VI was finally titled “Individual and Social Ethics”, but an early outline had it as “Principles of Reform”.
In the false start Russell described how devolution of authority and individual initiative could be embodied in practice. He provided recipes on how to accomplish this in specific spheres of society: local government, industry, newspapers, books, and education. In replacing the nine leaves of manuscript, he had not come to disagree with them. Instead, as readers of what follows and the final lecture of the book will allow, he now engaged the topic at a higher level. Russell at this time was a friendly critic of the British Labour Party, and his devolutionary reformism is to be seen in that light. Yet his final text transcended politics and engaged his audience at an ethical level, treating of the freedom and duty of conscience, the justifiability of revolution, and life lived as an end. He decided to paint the ideals and let the recipes suggest themselves.—K.B.
|Stephen Heathorn||“Explaining Russell's
Eugenic Discourse in the 1920s”|
ABSTRACT: In his biography, Ray Monk expresses surprise and disgust that Bertrand Russell should have included a discussion of eugenics in his famous book on marriage and sexual morality, Marriage and Morals (1929). Monk is especially horrified that Russell advocated the sterilization of the “mentally defective”. He draws the conclusion that such views must have been due to a combination of Russell's negative feelings about his second wife, Dora, and his life-long fear of insanity. In fact Russell came to his views in dialogue with the dominant scientific and political communities of his day. Russell's position was the logical consequence of his fear of the rise of State intervention in society and the erosion of individual rights. When put into proper historical context, it is clear that it was Russell's engagement with early twentieth-century politics and science, not personal or psychological demons, that was the motive force behind his views on marriage and eugenics.
|Bernard Linsky and Kenneth Blackwell||“New
Manuscript Leaves and the Printing of the First Edition of
ABSTRACT: Three half-leaves of the final manuscript of Principia Mathematica have come to light in the Bertrand Russell Archives. They were originally tucked in Russell's own copy but avoided archival notice because their versos had been employed for an index of propositions used in theorem *350·62. The leaves form the whole of a folio 152 and the top half of 153 and include *336·51 through part of *336·52, on pages 400–1 of Volume III. Markings by the Cambridge University Press add to our knowledge of the typesetting and proofreading of PM and give some indication of the fate of the remainder of the approximately 5–6,000 manuscript leaves, of which only one had been known to have survived.
|Roma Hutchinson||“Index to Russell's Which Way to Peace?”|
|Gregory Landini||Review of Brian McGuinness, Approaches to Wittgenstein|
|Christopher Pincock||Review of Scott Soames, Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century|
|Scott Soames||Reply to Pincock's Review|
|Michael Stevenson||Review of Martin Ceadel, Semi-Detached Idealists: the British Peace Movement and International Relations|
|William Bruneau||Review of Conrad Russell, Academic Freedom and An Intelligent Person's Guide to Liberalism|
|Dominique Déry||“Index to Russell, n.s. 21–25 (2001–05)”|